Artificial intelligence was first coined decade ago in the year 1956 by Jon Makati in Datamart conference, he define artificial intelligence as a science and engineering of making intelligence machine. In a sense Artificial intelligence is a technique of getting machine to work and behave like a human. In the recent pass Artificial intelligence has been able to accomplished this, by creating machine and robots been used in a wide range of fields, including, heath-care, robotics, marketing ,business analytics and many more. However many AI application are not perceive as Artificial intelligence, because we often tend to think of AI as robots doing daily course, but the truth is AI has found its way in to a daily life. Its become soo general, that they we don’t realized usage all the tech, for instant have you ever wonder how google is able to give you such accurate search result and how your Facebook feed always gives you content base on your interest? The answer to theses question is AI .Before go any further let me clear a very common misconception , people often tend to think that Artificial intelligence, machine learning and deep learning are the same and they have common application .
Artificial intelligence is a science of getting machine to mimic the behavior of human, Machine learning is subset of AI that focuses on getting machine to make decision by feeding them data , on the other hand DL is a subset of machine learning that uses the concept of neural network to solve complex problem , so to sum it up Artificial intelligence , machine learning and deep learning are interconnected fields, machine learning and deep learning needs Artificial intelligence by providing a set of algorithms and neural networks to solve data-driven problem.
However Artificial intelligence is not restricted to machine learning and deep learning , it covers a vast domains and fields including natural language processing , object detection , computer vision , Robotics and expert system.
AI can be structure along three evolutionary stage or you can say that there are three different type of Artificial intelligence .
- Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)
- Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)
- Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI)
Artificial Narrow Intelligence :
Artificial narrow intelligence (ANI) which is also known as week AI involves applying AI only to specified task, The many currently existing systems , that clams to used AI operating as a week AI focused on a narrowly define specific problem, Alexa is a very good example of narrow Artificial Intelligence. Its operate with in a limited pre-define range of functions ,that is no genuine intelligence or no self-awareness despite being a sophisticated example of week AI. The face verification that you can see in you iPhone , the autopilot feature at tesla, the social humanoid Sophia, which is built at Hanson robotics and finally google maps all of these applications are based on week AI or Artificial Narrow Intelligence.
Artificial General Intelligence :
Artificial general Intelligence is also know as strong AI, involves machines that posses the ability to perform any intellectual task that a human being can.
You see machine don’t possess human like abilities, they have a strong processing unit that can perform high level computation but they are not yet capable of thinking and reasoning like a human. There are many experts who doubts that Artificial general intelligence will ever be possible and there are also many who question whether it should be desirable.
Stephen Hawking warned us that Strong AI would take off on its own and redesigned itself at an ever increasing rate , human who are limited by slow biologicals evolution , couldn’t compete and would be superseded.
Artificial Super Intelligence
This is the term that refers to the time, when the capabilities of computer will surpass humans beings. ASI is presently seen as hypothetically situation, as depicted in movies and science fiction books, where machine take over the world. However the tech master mind Elon Musk believe that ASI will take over the world by the year 2040.
How Artificial intelligence is used in real world, from spotting and eight planet solar system, which is 2500 light year away to composing sonnets and poem , the application of AI cover all possible domain in Market.
In the finance sector J.P Morgan Chase’s contract intelligence (COIN) platform used Artificial intelligence, Machine learning and Image recognition software to analysis legal document and extract important data point in very less time. Manually review 12,000 agreements takes over 36,000 hours but ai was able to do this in a few seconds.
IBM developed AI software, specifically for medicine, more than 230 health care organization world wide used IBM Watson technology , In 2016 IBM Watson AI technology was able to cross reference 20 million oncology record and correctly diagnose a rare leukemia condition in patient.
Google AI Eye doctor is another initiative taken by google, where there they are working with an Indian eye care chain AI system , which can examine retina scan and identify condition diabetic retinopathic, which causes blindness.
AI is used for face verification, where machine learning, deep learning concept are used to detect facial feature and tag your friends.
Twitter AI which is being used to identify hates speech and terroristic language in tweets , it make used of machine learning, deep learning and natural language processing to filter out offensive content. The company discover and band 300,000 terroirs link account, 95% of which was found by not human AI machine.
The google predictive search is one of the most famous AI application s. when you begin typing such term and google make some recommendation for you to choose from , that is Artificial intelligence in actions. Predictive searches is base on data ,that google collect about you, such as you age, your location and other personal information.